The World's Shortest War

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The World's Shortest War Story

The people of the 19th century had also seen a war in their lives

which did not last for 10-20 years

but only for

3838 minutes. This was the

first time in history that a

the war ended even before the news could reach anywhere. The

Anglo-

The Zanzibar War fought in Africa has received a world record from the Guinness Book of being the

smallest war in the world,

but the question is that

this historic war of Anglo-Zanzibar was fought between two

countries and not only?

How was the decision taken within a quarter of an hour?
This historic battle took place

on this island, which used to be

an island country by the name of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean,

off the coast of East Africa.

Zanzibar, just 40 kilometers away, used to be under the control of the Sultanate of Oman,

everything

was going well, but then

a power entered which tried to

rule over Zanzibar and East Africa through politics.

Yes, we will talk.



Zanzibar Island, including East Africa, was under British rule. The British Empire had an eye on Zanzibar Island for a long

time. They had to take

advantage of the strategic location here and bring the valuable

resources here under their control by any means. The

British considered themselves very

advanced and special.

In comparison to the Eastern countries i.e. India,

Africa and many Arab countries, but because

Zanzibar Island was under the control of Oman and

this dream of the British could not be fulfilled

until it was taken out of the control of the Omani Empire, at

that time Oman

Sultan Said bin Sultan was a very

the fearsome person who did not compromise on his principles.

This was the reason why he was often

known as the King of Oman. Now it

is obvious that during his reign, the British Empire did not influence on

any of the countries of Oman. It was not possible to capture the share.



18568 Gaya's elder son Thaweni bin Said

took over the throne of Oman and the younger son

Majid bin Said separated Zanzibar from Oman and

created a new province, Zanzibar which had been a

part of Oman for the last several centuries. Due to

this decision of Bin Said, many Arab Sultans



refused to accept Zanzibar as a new country but the British Empire did

not have a better opportunity than this. They

immediately placed their hand on the head of Majid Bin Said

and handed over Zanzibar as a new country. By

doing this, the British Empire had now

entered the politics here. Zanzibar's

main source of income

was the last slave market in the world, that is, the market

where slaves were traded. Slaves were



brought tied with ropes from the mainland of Africa to Zanzibar Island. In the ships that used to go,

slaves would often untie their ropes and

jump into the Indian Ocean. Many would fall ill

and many would

suffocate to death during the short journey of just 40 km. Their dead

bodies were mercilessly thrown into the sea

in Zanzibar.

They were sold in the existing slave market. Here, up to

100 slaves were kept confined in small cells, with

little air and no food and drink. The

slaves were put to death in such a way

that they were first made to stand in a line and

tied to trees. And then

everyone was whipped very hard,

which had more tolerance and he did



not cry or scream even after being whipped. Its prices were high.

Years passed and the Sultan of Zanzibar also

changed his main source of income. Slave

market and above all there was the support of the British.



A luxurious palace was built for the Sultan in Zanzibar which

was right on the seafront. This palace

had every facility for the Sultan which

was not even possible to imagine at that time.

Above all it was The palace was the first building in East Africa in

which electricity

the connection was present. This palace was mostly

made of wood and all the buildings present in it



were connected through a bridge. Now at this point the

British became famous in the world regarding the slave market of Zanzibar. A

very bad impression was being given

because they were the ones who

supported the Sultan of Zanzibar, so

they put pressure on the Sultan of Zanzibar to

close the slave market.

After a lot of effort and agreement,

18735 last slave market was closed forever.

One thing was clear in all this

that the British control over Zanzibar was becoming

very strong. Let's fast

forward to 25th August

18960 when the British Sultan

suddenly dies. He was succeeded by his cousin

Khalid bin Bargus. He poisoned him and

became the Sultan of Zanzibar, that too

without the consent of the British because the

British wanted the next Sultan should also

be of their wish and for this purpose

they had chosen Hamoud bin Mohammed.

The British were accused of the conspiracy of Khalid bin Bargus. When they came to

know about this, they sent a message to his palace

in which there was a direct threat. It was

said in the threat that the palace should be vacated by 9 am on August 27. The

new Sultan of Zanzibar, Khalid

gathered his forces and

locked himself in the palace. Along with the threat,

Zanzibar Island was surrounded by the British Navy

ships from all sides. There was

a lot of tension in the palace for the next two nights. At 8 am on August 27,

i.e.

an hour before the end of the ultimatum,

a message from the Sultan was received at the British Council. came in which it was

written that it was ready to end the matter through negotiations. The

British Council

replied that negotiations can take place only

if you accept the orders given by us.

At 8:30 Khalid sent another message that

my Zanzibar We have

no intention of abdicating the throne and I do not think that the

British will dare to fight a war with us. The

British Council replied that

we also have no intention of attacking

but that does not mean that we

cannot attack at this time. There were

2800 2800 guards present outside the luxurious palace of Zanzibar, this

included some civil people, some palace guards, and many of the Sultan's servants and slaves. Along with this,

Indian soldiers were deployed outside the Sultan's palace to compete with the Royal Navy. A

the ship was also parked in the ocean, at that time it was

HHS Glasco Royal Yard of 32000 pounds,

which was

also present with 18735 boats to compete with the British Royal Navy. At

exactly 9:00,

when the ultimatum was given to the Sultan

ended, the British Navy Two cruiser ships,

three gunboats and 150 marines

started moving towards Ireland. Remember that these 150 people were

facing the Sultan's 2800 guards. At

At exactly 9:2 minutes, the three gunboats,

Raccoon Thrush and Sparrow opened indiscriminate fire on the palace.

In the very first attack, the

12 pounder cannon inside the palace was destroyed. In the

attack, the Sultan's Royal Yard HHS

Glasgow was also destroyed in a single blow

but because she

was standing on the harbor where the water was low, hence her upper The



crew of the Glasgow immediately showed the British flag and

surrendered themselves. The British had a plan to

arrest Sultan Khalid bin Bagaj and

take him to India, but

on the very first fire, the Sultan along with his other Arab companions secretly left the

palace. Out of the

Sultan's army of 2800, 500

soldiers escaped and were killed due to heavy bombardment. The

British Navy had fired a total of 500 shells, 4100

machine gun rounds and 1000 rifle rounds. The



British soldiers had entered the palace at 937 meters,

which But the remaining palace

guards also surrendered. Exactly one minute

later, at 9:3 minutes, the British Marines

uprooted the Sultan's flag from the roof of the palace

and this is where the battle, which lasted for 38 minutes, came to an



end. That while

500 of the Sultan's people were killed in this entire war,

only one sailor of the British Navy

was injured. Later it was learned that Sultan Khalid

bin Barghus had taken refuge in German

East Africa. At that time, two

big powers were present in East Africa. One was the British

and the other was the Germans.

Immediately after the British captured the palace, on the same day, they made

The Sultan of their choice, Hamoud bin Mohammed, the

new Sultan of Zanzibar.

This 38-minute battle fought in history, brought

heavy British rule in Zanzibar.

After this,

Zanzibar became an indirect colony of the British and



continued to live under the rule of Sultan Hamoud bin Mohammed and in the next 10 years, by

freeing 17200 Zanj Bari slaves, they


uprooted the slave culture from every corner of Zanzibar. Given the

countries that were captured and colonized by the British in the 18th and 19th centuries did it

benefit or harm human civilization?

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